Liven up your fashion with Ikat Fabric

Ikat or Ikkat is a technique of dyeing usually done on silk or cotton fabrics which results in fabric bathed in beautiful and glittered colour patterns. Origins of ikat fabric can be traced to the state of Odisha. The Ikat cotton fabrics have a unique method of making. Ikat fabric is, before they are woven into fabrics, are dyed and binded into different threads.

The process of weaving Ikat fabric in India starts with the yarns which are dyed in various mesmerising colours and then the yarns are suitably dried out. After finishing the dye process, the threads or yarns are separated and are woven into the fabrics. While weaving the yarn into Ikat fabrics, different beautiful patterns are made. This method looks to be simple but in reality it is an extremely complex method because the maker of Ikat fabric has to place the yarn accurately to form the right pattern. Ikat fabrics in India are made using the following three weaving methods:

  1. Wrap Ikat/ Single Ikat
    To create ikat fabrics by this process, either wrap yarns or the weft are dyed into various different colours. This ikat fabric technique is also known as Single Ikat fabric.
  2. Weft Ikat
    In this process, the Ikat fabric has both warp yarn and the weft which is used together in different parts of the fabric.
  3. Double Ikat
    Double ikat fabrics usually involve both warp and the weft yarns which are tied in a precise manner so that the yarn, when it meshes from both the axis with each other, the Ikat fabric shows a complete pattern.

Ikat fabrics are known for sarees but apart from it, Ikat Cotton fabrics are also used to make shirts, one pieces, fashion accessories.

The art of Ikat fabrics has exploded out of borders of India and it has gained recognition throughout the world because of their different designs and patterns and mesmerising art play of colours. Ikat fabric is amongst the style statements in the fashion world in today’s scenario. Despite Ikat Cotton Fabric being as old as 12th century technique, it has passed the test of time and has not faded away with time. Western civilization has also started to recognise ikat fabric.


Sneak Peek into the world of Indian Artisans

Indian artisans are the backbone of India’s non-farm rural economy. Indian fabric industry is known throughout the world for its master class artistry work. One of the most famous places is the Indian Artisans of Rajasthan. Indian Artisans of Rajasthan are recognised for their  Royal craftsmanship. 

Indian artisans from this part of India are known to make the most novel block printing designs and patterns. One of the famous designs is fabric dyeing which is known to belong to the Chippa caste of Rajasthan. In this famous form of block print fabric artistry, the fabrics are decorated with mirror embroidery and then after the fabric is dyed, it is wooden beaden. 

Another important feature of Indian artisans of Rajasthan is the Decorative pattern that adorn all surfaces in Rajasthan. Who can forget the Rabari caste artisans, the most famous Indian Artisans group in Rajasthan. We still have glittering images of the clipped camel pattern that is novel to Rajasthan. In this form, patterns are imprinted on the hide of the camel, which are taken place during the Pushkar festivals. The Rajasthani craft industry is a symbol of the identity of India with many of its styles well known throughout the international market.

The craft of Hand block printing is one of the finest and most recognised crafts throughout the world. One such form of block print fabric art is the Bagru print fabrics. The Indian artisans are known throughout the world for this traditional craft where fabrics are printed with natural colours. Bagru print fabrics employ wooden blocks in it. In the process, the desired design is engraved on the wooden block first and then the carved block is used for replicating the design in the preferred color on the fabric.

Finally no one can forget the famous Minakari art which is one of the traditional crafts of the Indian Artisans of Rajasthan. What is exciting about this art is that it is done by fusion of individual pieces which are made out of colored glass powders. Minakari fabric is used in countless items like bells, fruit baskets, key chains and other products.


Beauty of Silk Fabric

Silk fabric is a natural fiber produced from the cocoons of mulberry silkworm via a process called Sericulture. The history of Pure Silk fabric can be traced to Indus Valley Civilization between 2450 BC and 2000 BC.

 silk fabric online

The famous techniques to process pure silk – degumming and reeling, are believed to be taken from the Chinese technology. The yarns produced from the process of sericulture are used to weave a variety of textiles.

Silk fabric is also known by various names such as ‘Paat’ in East India, Pattu in South India and Resham in North India. There are 5 major states – Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Jammu and Kashmir, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal from where raw pure silk is produced.

The variety of silk fabrics online encompasses within its folds as many varieties as innovation can produce. The special feature of each variety of silk fabric online is that each variety produced has a specific usage and its properties are well distinguished from other types. The best example of this is Azlon which is used for manufacturing felt hats and overcoats.

Presently, art silk or imitation silk made out of pure silk fabric is a popular demand of the fabric industry because of its easy availability and innumerable usage. Pure silk fabric usage is not only limited to the base material of clothes and fabrics, but it also extends to manufacturing things like parachutes, umbrellas etc.

One of the reasons for high demand of silk fabric online is that silk fabric has a unique shimmering appearance. It has a triangular prism-like structure that allows the pure silk fabric to refract the lights producing various colors in different lights and also giving the fabric or the dress a very elegant look. What also contributes to the high demand of silk fabrics is the availability of silk fabrics online. Nowadays, Fashion lovers prefer to shop silk fabrics online as they get it delivered at their doorstep. Silk fabrics online available includes various forms of silk tanchoi silk, garad silk, matka silk, banarasi silk and mulberry silk to name a few.

Another contributing factor why the fashion lovers prefer silk fabrics online is because of the fact that silk fabrics are pretty much easy to maintain. This is because it is a natural fiber and has a smooth and soft texture. The elasticity of a pure silk fabric is poor and therefore if it is stretched; it takes the shape as it is.