When we hear winters, one thing that comes to our mind is woolen. Woolen clothes have been our saviour against the frost biting winters since many ages. Winter fashion has always been very exciting. Full of exuberance, mesmerising colors and most importantly, full of life. Another thing that excites people about the woolen clothes is the color combination. You wear dark, you wear light any color and any color combination goes exciting with the woolen fabrics.
We have been speaking about woolen fabrics for a while, but have we ever thought of the time when these woolen came into existence? If one reads through the historical books and other available resources, it was the Neolithic men who discovered the concept of wool. These men are accredited with the discovery of wool by yard. Various different tools were made by them to make their woolen fabrics. However, it was in the Babylonian era that the wool found its full shape. The woolen coats and jackets that we use today, are to be credited to the Babylonians. They brought the woolen fabric in fashionable outfits in around 4000 B.C. and gave us a reason to enjoy our winter styles.
Wool or woolens have become a hot material for trade. The geographic and climatic conditions of several countries compel them to want more and more wool. And therefore, countries like the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand have emerged as the highest exporters of wool fabrics to various nations all around the world. It is no surprise that these countries have high breedings of livestock.
Since our childhood, we were taught that sheep is the primary source of wool for woolen fabric. However, considering sheep as the ‘only’ source of wool would be wrong. Other livestock animals like camels, goats etc.. The process to extract wool is very exciting and tedious as well. It is usually done using two methods namely, Shearing, where the hair or the wool of the sheep are sheared only once a year and this is usually done during the springtime. The second one is Grading and sorting wherein, the hair or the fleece or the wool is graded into different types of fibers and is then again sorted into a different quality of fibers.